Your daily knowledge snacks, directly from Wikipedia
- The FIBA Basketball World Cup concludes, with Spain defeating Argentina in the final (tournament MVP Ricky Rubio pictured).
- In Gaelic football, the All-Ireland Championship concludes with Dublin defeating Kerry in the final.
- Drone attacks on two major oil facilities force Saudi Arabia to cut more than half of its oil production.
- Astronomers announce the detection of water in the atmosphere of exoplanet K2-18b, the first such discovery for an exoplanet in the habitable zone around a star.
Today in History
- AD 96 – Following the assassination of Roman emperor Domitian, the Roman Senate appointed Nerva (bust pictured), the first of the "Five Good Emperors", to succeed him.
- 1809 – The second theatre of the Royal Opera House in London opened after a fire destroyed the original theatre one year earlier.
- 1851 – The New York Times, the largest metropolitan newspaper in the United States, was founded.
- 1948 – The Australian cricket team's Invincibles tour of England concluded; they had played thirty-four matches, including five Tests, without defeat.
- 2014 – Scotland voted against independence from the United Kingdom.
Did You Know?
- ... that the Roman temple of Bziza (pictured), dedicated to the Semitic god Azizos, was converted to a church by the Byzantines?
- ... that Better Together's "The woman who made up her mind" advert opposing Scottish independence so upset politician Sandra Grieve that she changed her mind and began supporting independence?
- ... that Ralph Henry Gabriel founded the American Studies Department at Yale University but later resigned in protest during the Cold War?
- ... that the Carroll Street Bridge is one of four remaining retractable bridges in the United States, and one of two in New York City?
- ... that obstetrician James Scott showed that certain diseases in newborns were caused by their mothers' antibodies crossing the placenta?
- ... that the territory of Central Australia existed only from 1927 to 1931?
- ... that after Mary Ma orchestrated Lenovo's acquisition of IBM's PC division, she was named by Forbes as the 57th most powerful woman in the world?
- ... that the cut flesh of the bitter tooth mushroom smells of watermelon?
Today's Featured Article
James Park Woods (1886–1963) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that could be awarded to members of the Australian armed forces at the time. Woods enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force in September 1916, and joined the 48th Battalion in France in September 1917. He participated in the First Battle of Passchendaele the following month. In 1918, Woods was hospitalised twice, finally returning to his unit in mid-August. On 18 September, the 48th Battalion was involved in the attack on the Hindenburg Outpost Line. During this battle Woods led a four-man patrol in an attack on a strong German post, inflicting severe casualties and driving more than thirty Germans from the position. His actions during this assault and subsequent defence against German counter-attacks resulted in him being awarded the Victoria Cross. His medals are now displayed in the Hall of Valour at the Australian War Memorial. (Full article...)
Today's Featured Picture
Aletta Jacobs (1854–1929) was a Dutch physician and women's suffrage activist. Jacobs strove throughout her life to change laws that limited women's access to equality, starting in 1883 with an unsuccessful court challenge and eventually achieving success 100 years ago today, on 18 September 1919, with the signing of a suffrage bill into law. She is also noted for founding the world's first birth control clinic, in 1882. As a child Jacobs yearned to become a doctor like her father and, despite existing barriers, she fought to gain entry to higher education and became the first woman officially to attend a Dutch university, and one of the first female physicians in the Netherlands. Providing medical services to women and children, she grew concerned over the health of working women, and although she continued to practice medicine until 1903, she increasingly turned her attention to activism with a view to improving women's lives. In addition to her suffrage work she led campaigns aimed at deregulating prostitution, improving women's working conditions, and promoting peace.
Photograph credit: Max Büttinghausen; restored by Adam Cuerden
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